Experts warn of increased HAI

Medical experts warned of hospital-acquired infection (HAI) — also known as nosocomial infection — is an infection that is contracted from the environment or staff of a health-care facility which not only caused higher treatment cost and longer stay in hospital but also drug resistance.

Meantime awareness and controlling nosocomial infection are low even doctors neglect washing their hand after and before examining patients.

At a meeting to implement the national action plan on hospital-acquired infection in medical clinics in the period 2016-2020 lately, Deputy Head of the Health Ministry’s Department for Medical Examination and Treatment Dr. Hoang Van Thanh fretted upon increased hospital-acquired infection and its economic consequences. Dr. Hoang said that according to a study on over 9,345  patients in 10 hospitals, it showed that the rate of HAI is 5.8 percent.

Meanwhile, as per a study conducted by the Department of Health in Ho Chi Minh City in state hospitals, the rate of HAI is 6.4 percent. Noticeably, pneumonia patients is vulnerable to HAI with 54.3 percent, next is patients suffering urinary tract infection with 12.3 percent. Dangerously, 10 percent of patients undergoing a surgery all have infection at their incisions.

In many medical clinics, HAI increased complicatedly partly because of overloaded hospitals. Additionally, unhygienic state of many hospital is also a cause of HAI. The Institute of Hygiene and Public Health reported that out of 33 air samples collected by 13 hospitals in HCMC, 26 samples have the proportion of microorganism with six times higher than normal. Worse, the rate of microorganism in big hospitals is even higher.

Consequently, drug resistance especially antibiotic resistance happened leading to complicate treatment. According to a study of Gia Dinh People’s Hospital, more than 93 percent of patients have antibiotic resistant pathogen. The Health Ministry’s Department for Medical Examination and Treatment said that HAI caused longer stay in hospitals and increased treatment cost.

Head of Department for Medical Examination and Treatment Professor Luong Ngoc Khue said that HAI is the major cause of drug resistance, longer stay in hospitals, escalating medical cost and increase mortality rate.

The National Tropical Disease Hospital studied on 3,671 patients in 15 intensive wards of hospitals in the North, the Central and the South and the result showed that the rate of HAi is 27.3 percent and the rate of antibiotic drug doctors’ prescription fluctuate from 60.5 percent to 99.5 percent.

it is clear that HAI causes consequences and financial burden for patients yet HAI prevention task is not good as expected. Overloaded hospitals is not excluded from the cause of HAI. Measles epidemic in 2014 caused 100 deaths for kids was considered as main reason as kids got infection from seriously diseased kids.

By Tuong Lam - translated by Anh Quan

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