Over 3 mil Vietnamese people reported to have diabetes

Nearly 2 million Vietnamese people suffer diabetes yet they have not detected, said the Ministry of Health at a seminar “ Prevention and monitoring diabetes in the community” co-organized by the Ministry and the World Health Organization on April 7 in Hanoi.

The seminar was held in response to the World Health Day 2016 themed “Beat Diabetes”.
Deputy Health Minister Professor Nguyen Thanh Long said that Vietnam is facing staggering disease burden as the number of people living with diabetes in particularly and non-communicative diseases in generally is escalating.

Recent researches showed that within 10 past years, the ratio of people suffering the disease in the community has doubled. Over 3 million Vietnamese people reported to have diabetes. Worse over 60 percent of diabetes people in the community have not been diagnosed with the disease until they have fatal complications including heart problems, nervous problems, kidney failure, blindness, and lower limb amputation. Fatality and disability are directly caused by diabetes as diabetes is one of ten diseases which are leading direct cause of deaths and disabilities.

Professor Long said that the main reason of the disease includes unhealthy lifestyle and habits such as smoking, drinking, lazy to exercise and improper diet. Statistics showed that around 16 million Vietnamese smokers; up to 25 percent of Vietnamese male drink too much and around 30 percent population never do exercises. Consequently it leads to metabolic disorder; obesity, blood disorder and fat in blood which easily cause diabetes, added Professor Long.

The World Health Organization Representative (WHO) to Vietnam Dr. Lokky Wai said that the World Health Day 2016 falling on April 7 aims to raise public awareness of the disease burden and prevention measures.

By WHO’s statistics, currently around 350 people in the world living with diabetes and the number will double within next 20 years. Diabetes is the major direct cause of 1.5 million deaths annually in the world and over 80 percent of fatalities in middle- and low-income countries. Dr. Lokky Wai pointed out that prevention task plays an important role in curbing the number of diabetes people. Scientific researches showed that if people live healthily, they would not get heart problems, diabetes and 40 percent of cancer diseases. Early diagnosis can be accomplished through relatively inexpensive testing of blood sugar.
 
Treatment of diabetes involves diet and physical activity along with lowering blood glucose and the levels of other known risk factors that damage blood vessels. Tobacco use cessation is also important to avoid complications.

 
To help prevent type 2 diabetes and its complications, people should:
- achieve and maintain healthy body weight;
- be physically active – at least 30 minutes of regular, moderate-intensity activity on most days. More activity is required for weight control;
-eat a healthy diet, avoiding sugar and saturated fats intake; and
-avoid tobacco use – smoking increases the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.

By MINH KHANG - translated by Uyen Phuong

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