Vietnamese ministry warns of worst-ever Ebola epidemic.

As Viral haemorrhagic fever, a general term for a severe illness, sometimes associated with bleeding, is caused by virus Ebola killing many people in west Africa, the Ministry of Health August 1 issued a warning on the worst-ever Ebola epidemic.

To prevent the fatal disease, the Department of Preventive Medicine under the Ministry has required people to conduct personal hygiene including washing hand with sanitizers, avoid contacting directly with blood and saliva of infected people and animal.

The disease caused by a deadly acute virus thus is ranked into group A in the Regulation against the contagious disease. The disease has a mortality rate of 90 percent.

In Africa, the virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission. Medical experts are at risk of exposure to the virus as they take care of infected people if they don't apply protective measures.

Symptoms of the disease can start to show from two days after infection, but this can take up to 21 days. Common symptoms of Ebola include sudden fever, headache, weakness, cramps, ahing in the muscles and joints, diarrhoea, vomiting, sttomach pain, sore throat. As the disease progresses, additional symptoms may include rash, internal and external bleeding from the nose, mouth, ears and eyes.

People are contagious for as long as their blood and other bodily fluids contain Ebola.

According to the World Health Organization ( WHO), since December, 2013 to July 31, 2014, there have been 1,201 people got infected with the disease. 672 people in west Africa have been killed by the most deadly outbreak of Ebola in history.

WHO's director and its partners convened a meeting to discuss preventive measures including epidemiological study of transmission source, observation of those people contacting infected people, providing information of disease to the public, call for community cooperation in fighting the disease, protecting medical workers.

However, WHO has not issued travel warning yet.

By Quoc Lap - Translated by Uyen Phuong

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