December 2

1920
 
French detectives reported that Nguyen Ai Quoc had received a copy of “La Revue Communiste” (Communist Magazine).

The file photo shows President Ho Chi Minh posing photo with Vietnamese students during his visit to the Democratic People of Germany in July 1957.

1940
 
Chinese Cuu Vong Nhat Bao (National Salvation Daily) published an article titled “Vietnamese People and Chinese Press” by Nguyen Ai Quoc.
 
It said: “Vietnam’s liberation movement is an ally in China’s resistance against Japan. We need to encourage and provide moral and material help. The father of China (Sun Zhongshan) has taught us we should help small and weak nations, and strive together to gain freedom and independence. The chance to implement that teaching has come.”
 
1942
 
Ho Chi Minh was taken from Tianjiang prison in Quangxi Province to Liuzhou and then Laixin on a train transporting coal.
 
He expressed his hardship in a poem titled “Traveling by train to Laixin”
 
Cuốc bộ mấy mươi ngày vất vả
(Walking for many days is strenuous)

Hôm nay được bước lên xe hỏa
(Stepping on a train today)

Dù rằng chỉ ngồi trên đống than
(Though sitting on a heap of coal)

Sang gấp mấy lần khi cuốc bộ
(It’s more luxurious than walking)
 
1945
 
At a visit to the newly-established General Staff Office, President Ho Chi Minh said: “The General Staff is an important and secret organization which helps the central authority and Government develop soldiers and make plans to defeat the enemy. To defeat the enemy, we have to have both feet on the ground, understand superiors’ intentions, and make plans for implementation…
 
“Carrying out a war of resistance while building the country, the army’s major duty is to fight the enemy, but doesn’t disregard other tasks like mobilizing the public and organizing them to increase production and practice thrift.”
 
1948

 
He wrote to Minister of Agriculture Cu Huy Can, giving his opinion on the “Model regulation of Relief Grain Fund” program (a form of food assistance in rural areas).
 
He said: “In essence, the regulation has to be simple so that people can understand and implement it.”
 
1961
 
He attended the Party Central Committee’s 6th Conference held to discuss some issues pertaining to the Soviet Union Communist Party’s 22nd Congress and making the hitherto secret Southern Party Committee public.
 
In the complex revolutionary context, he said: “[We] have to be careful in our speech as well as writing, especially central comrades. Now, any careless utterance will be misunderstood.”
 
1965
 
Speaking at a congress of excellent women under the “Three responsibilities” movement launched in Hanoi, he said: “The Vietnamese nation, youth, and women are heroic. Two thousand years ago, we had heroines Hai Ba Trung (Two sisters of Trung family) and Ba Trieu. In the national revolution for liberation, resistance against the French in the past, and the current resistance against the US, we also have many heroines.
 
“There is no other woman deputy commander in chief like in South Vietnam anywhere in the world. No matter how difficult things are, we can overcome all and surely defeat the US.”

By Duong Trung Quoc* and his assistants
*
The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Hoang Yen

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