February 11

Nguyen Ai Quoc (one of Ho Chi Minh’s aliases) delivered a speech on “Bolshevism in Asia” at the Communist Youth Conference in Paris.

People in Hai Duong Province welcome President Ho Chi Minh during his visit in 1965

President Ho Chi Minh participated in the 2nd Party Congress and read the Political Report at the opening ceremony.
He said there was an urgent task: “We need to have a public party that is appropriate to the international and local situations and will lead people to victory in the fight. It will be called the Labor Party of Vietnam… and admit workers, peasants, and intellectuals who are really enthusiastic about and awake to the revolutionary ideals…”
“The Party will embrace Marxism-Leninism and be organized in the form of a democracy with ironclad discipline, self-discipline actually, and use “criticism and self-criticism” as its “development law.”
He said the Labor Party of Vietnam must be great, strong, firm, pure, and revolutionary, and a party of the Vietnamese nation since it would be a party of the working class.
He wrote an article in Nhan Dan newspaper to praise common people for denouncing instances of squander.
The article said: “They set an example for some people who have been assigned by the Government to manage or use public assets but not fulfilled their responsibilities.”
He said since the fight against squander is not intense enough resources have not only been misspent but also embezzled. We can imprison and severely punish all of them but it is important that people are indignant and boycott them.
Only this can prevent embezzlement and protect public assets, he said.
Ho Chi Minh held a Politburo meeting to discuss replies to be sent to Pope John Paul VI and US President Lyndon B. Johnson. 
While the war was going on fiercely in Vietnam, the antiwar movement was gaining pace in the world and the US.
The head of the Vatican had sent Ho Chi Minh a third message on an early solution to stopping the war in Vietnam and the US leader had also written to him setting conditions for ending the war.
But on February 14, when the content of the message sent to the Pope was released and a day before Ho Chi Minh replied to Johnson (February 15), the US President gave the order for a brutal bombing of North Vietnam.

By Duong Trung Quoc* and co-writers
*The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Hoang Yen

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