February 16

1923

At a meeting at the headquarters of the Intercolonial Association in Paris, France, where Vietnamese lawyer Phan Van Truong delivered a presentation on the history of Vietnam, Nguyen Ai Quoc, as Ho Chi Minh called himself then, said the duty of every person living in colonies is “to support and propagandize communism.”

He introduced the “Le Paria” newspaper to the audience.

1946

President Ho Chi Minh sent a letter to US President Harry S. Truman to announce the birth of the independent state of Vietnam and denounce French colonialism.

The letter said: “After so many years of pillage and devastation, the Vietnamese people have just entered a period of reconstruction. We need security and liberty to create prosperity and social welfare for ourselves and then contribute to the rebuilding of the world. We believe that such security and liberty can only be ensured by our independence from all colonialist powers and by our voluntary cooperation with other powerful countries in the world.        

“It is with this firm belief that we call on the United States of America as a protector of and advocate for world justice to support our independence.”

This letter is considered the first legal document of the Vietnamese State in the history of Vietnam - US relationship.

President Ho Chi Minh at work at the Viet Bac Resistance Zone. In a letter to US President Harry S. Truman in 1946, he wrote: “We need security and liberty to create prosperity and social welfare for ourselves and then contribute to the rebuilding of the world.”

1950

President Ho Chi Minh attended a banquet hosted by Marshal Josef Stalin in Moscow to mark the signing of a mutual support treaty between the Soviet Union and China.

1952

On the second anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Vietnam and the Soviet Union, President Ho Chi Minh sent a congratulatory message to Marshal Stalin.

1958

At a press conference held during his visit to Myanmar, President Ho Chi Minh said: “The country of Vietnam is a united block that is not separable. The Vietnamese people, from north to south, have long been building their fatherland. They have a common history and a common economy and stand together to fight colonialism. The Vietnamese nation is determined to struggle for its independence.”

1969

On lunar New Year’s Day, President Ho Chi Minh visited the air base at Bach Mai and Vat Lai commune in Hanoi’s Ba Vi District to join a tree-planting ceremony with local residents. This was the last such ceremony he attended in the ten years since he introduced the campaign.

By Duong Trung Quoc* and co-writers
*The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly 

Translated by Vinh Quang

Other news