February 18


Nguyen Ai Quoc (an alias of Ho Chi Minh during his revolutionary activities abroad) received a letter from Phan Chu Trinh, a great patriot who had very close relationships with Vietnamese expatriates in France. Although Trinh was older and more experienced than Nguyen Ai Quoc, he recognized that his path would not lead to the liberation of the nation and that that task would fall on Nguyen Ai Quoc.

Uncle Ho and farmers fight against drough in Ha tay Province in 1958.

Trinh wrote candidly about the differences in the roadmaps for national liberation he and Nguyen Ai Quoc had drafted. He criticized Nguyen Ai Quoc for certain things and wrote from the heart: “Now I am like a caged bird. Besides, old trees are easily stirred by the wind, old men easily forget, and my status is that of a waning tree”

He praised the younger man thus: “You are a budding tree, full of energy, very eager to learn, and a master of theory. I believe that the doctrine (the Communism) you are following would put down roots in our people soon.”


Just eight years after receiving the letter from Phan Chu Trinh, Nguyen Ai Quoc completed his mission of establishing Vietnam’s Communist Party on February 18, 1930, and issued “the Appeal.”

“We must join the Party, support the Party, and follow it to overthrow French imperialists, Vietnamese feudalism, and the counterrevolution bourgeoisie, turn Annam (The French name for Vietnam during their invasion)  into an independent nation,  found a government of workers, peasants, and soldiers… bring freedom to the people, and achieve educational and sex equality nationwide.”


President Ho Chi Minh sent a diplomatic letter to China, the US, the USSR, and Britain, laying bare the French colonialists’ plot to reconquer Vietnam and calling on them to intervene immediately to prevent a bloody war in Southern Vietnam and resolve the issues in Indochina.”

The president said in the letter, “We are determined to fight until our last drop of blood to prevent a recurrence of French imperialism” and suggested taking the “Indochina issue to the UN.”

The second congress of the Vietnamese Labor Party elected Ho Chi Minh as its president.


It was the first day of the Year of the Dog. The President called on People’s Army units, factories, the University of Technology, ethnic Chinese, and southern cadres and sent a letter to a school for wounded soldiers.


President Ho Chi Minh wrote an article titled “better by far” in which he said: “So we must cut out unnecessary conversations and make attempts to tackle practical problems to increase labor productivity. ‘High labor productivity-high saving-high production’ means high living standards. This is the path to our development.” 

By Duong Trung Quoc* and co-writers
*The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Quynh Nhu

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