May 15

1921
 
French detectives reported that Nguyen Ai Quoc attended a national Council meeting of the French Communist Youth Union in Paris all day. 

President Ho Chi Minh with teenagers from the South in 1969

1946
 
President Ho Chi Minh met with officials visiting from the South.
 
Nguyen Thi Dinh, a member of the delegation, said that after knowing the South was in need of weapons, Ho Chi Minh said: “The Central Party and the Government will have weapons to send to the South. But since our country is still poor, you have to fight the French well and snatch their guns; [this way] there will be enough weapons.”
 
He told Ms. Dinh: “You stay here and learn for a while and then go back to fight together with the people there. A revolutionary has to learn lifelong, and learn theory, about the public, and practical issues. Not learning is tantamount to going in the dark without a light or cane when it is easy to trip, isn’t that so?”
 
1948
 
He wrote to a training class for Viet Minh officials held in Dinh Ho, Thai Nguyen Province: “Study to practice. A good official has to practice the following: 1. Towards himself: have to be honest and exemplary, and seek progress. 2. Towards work: have to be careful, tidy, and make plans; don’t be self-satisfied or seek fame, and own up to mistakes 3. Towards the public: have to respect and learn from them, make them trust, respect and love, and always be close to them. 4. Towards organization: have to be absolutely loyal and place its interests (interests of the Fatherland) above all. Ask yourself everyday: “Have I done any useful work for the organization?” and if you haven’t yet, try to do it. An official has to be willing to suffer hardships and always be public-spirited and selfless.”
 
1953
 
Cuu Quoc (National Salvation) published an article titled “Duties of new democratic state” he wrote under the pseudonym D.X.
 
He said, “A new democratic state’s duties are setting up a government, army, economy, culture, and educate people to love the fatherland, people, work and science and protect public property.”

1961
 
He wrote to teenagers and children nationwide on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the Young Pioneer Organization.
 
He said: “You will be the country’s masters in future. Therefore, from now on, you need to practice revolutionary morality to become a good citizen and official of peaceful, united, independent, democratic and prosperous Vietnam.”
 
The letter also said things that later became a campaign slogan “Five points taught by Uncle Ho”: Love the Fatherland and compatriots; study and work well; show solidarity and remain disciplined; comply with hygiene regulations; be honest and brave.
 
1965
 
He completed the first draft of his will and reviewed and amended it every year before his birthday.


By Duong Trung Quoc* and co-writers
*The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Hoang Yen

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