May 24


President Ho Chi Minh

The Declaration of Union of Colonial Countries, written by Nguyen Ai Quoc - Nguyen the Patriot, an early alias of Ho Chi Minh, was approved.

Specified in the declaration were guidelines and objectives of the union, which were drafted based on Nguyen Ai Quoc’s view, “What should you do to liberate your country? Based on the guidelines of Karl Max, I can say that you can only make the liberation possible by exerting your own efforts. The foundation of the union is to help you to do so.”

Nguyen Ai Quoc ended the declaration by appealing for people of colonial countries to struggle for unification, which was their sole interest. He said, “You should always remember the appeal of Karl Max: Proletarians of all countries, unite!”


President Ho Chi Minh attended a Government Council meeting to listen to reports from the National Assembly Delegation, who were in France to negotiate independence.

He also listened to a report on the settlement of conflict between the Vietnamese Communist Party and the Vietnamese Nationalist Party in Vinh Yen, and the unification between the armies of the Vietnamese Revolutionary Allied League and the Government.

The National Salvation newspaper published article by Nguyen Ai Quoc, “How to get to know our enemies”.

The article analyzed Sun Tzu’s ‘The Art of War,’ and pointed out how to apply his strategies in espionage activities. He discussed the important tasks of a spy and emphasized that the victory or failure of a battle would rely mostly on a spy’s fulfillment of his tasks.


In his diary, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Le Van Hien, wrote about a conversation between Uncle Ho, himself and some of his comrades the night before a meeting of the Government Council.

He wrote, “Uncle Ho asked each of us about his or her family. We also asked him about his family and when he would get married. He smiled and told that he was just an ordinary person like other people, but at present he could not think about the happiness of having a family of his own. He emphasized that he did have a large family of Vietnamese people from all walks of life instead.”


Uncle Ho sent replies to the Prime Minister of the Laotian Revolutionary Government Souphanouvong  and chairman of the Cambodian National Liberation Committee Achar Mean,   who had sent congratulatory messages for his 62nd birthday.

He said, “I’d like to extend my heartfelt thanks to you all. I am still in good health and promise to you, all my people and soldiers that I will devote the remaining of my life and all of my efforts to speed up the war of resistance to victory.”


President Ho Chi Minh had a heath check. Afterward, he attended the meeting of the Politburo and listened to General Vo Nguyen Giap reporting on the military situation and the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nguyen Duy Trinh, on foreign relations.

Commenting about President Nixon’s eight point policy to settle the war in Vietnam, he said, “It is just a demagogy of the President of the United States.”

By Duong Trung Quoc* and co-writers
*The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Phuong Lan

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