May 30


“Paris,” the first short story written by Nguyen Ai Quoc - Nguyen the Patriot, an early alias of Ho Chi Minh, was published in L’Humanité.

Nguyen Ai Quoc attended an anti-war meeting organized by the French Communist Party.


Uncle Ho plants a tree to launch the National Tree- Planting Campaign

Addressing a meeting organized at a student dormitory (now Hanoi University of Technology) to say goodbye to people before leaving for France, Uncle Ho said, “ All my life, I’ve only pursued a sole objective, which is to struggle for the country’s interests and the people’s happiness… For the trip tomorrow, I promise to you all that I will try my best to strive for the fulfillment of that objective.”

He also recommended people unite together and to practice thrift, as it was one of many practical measures to help the country escape starvation.

He also recommended people comply with the orders from the Government and treat foreign nationals living in the country as brothers or friends.


In the National Salvation newspaper, Uncle Ho wrote about industriousness, “The climate has four seasons: spring, summer, fall and winter. The earth has four directions: east, west, south and north. Man has four virtues: industriousness, thrift, probity and honor.

“Without one of the four seasons, the climate would be different. Without one of the four directions, the earth would be different. Similarly, if a man does not have one of the four virtues mentioned above, he would not be a true man.”


In a talk with members of the Hai Phong Communist Party and Hai Phong Communist Youth Union, President Ho Chi Minh said in an intimate manner that, “I visited a few ships of some foreign countries that have a good relationship with us this morning, and I will take them as an example.

“If the ship runs fast, things [cargo and crew] on the ships will be fast, too, as they are transported at the same speed with it. Likewise, if the ship runs slowly, things on it will be slow, too.

“The ship is like the country and people are like cargo and crew on the ship. To help the country have a glorious future, we must try our best, as the success of each individual will make the success of the whole country possible,” he added.


Uncle Ho wrote “Farmers must grow trees for timber to be used for building houses,” published in Nhan Dan newspaper.

He encouraged each person and each house to plant a tree so that there will be enough timber for building houses in the very near future.

He said, “To build good-quality houses, we should make every effort to grow as many trees as possible. If we grow trees now, several years later, we will have enough timber to build houses for the people.”

The National Tree – Planting Campaign, based on his idea, was launched. It has been running ever since.

By Duong Trung Quoc* and co-writers
*The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly 

Translated by Phuong Lan

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