October 10

1923

Nguyen Ai Quoc (an alias of Ho Chi Minh) delivered a speech at the first congress of the Peasant International. He said that peasants in colonial countries live under two oppressing layers: they have no property and lose their countries at the same time.

The file photo show Vietnamese People's Army returning to Hanoi after the capital was liberated on Oct. 10, 1954.

“Dear comrades, when you are organized, please help us, stretch your arms wide to welcome us into the family of international proletariat.”

1929

A court of the Vietnamese feudal regime delivered a verdict on the Union of Vietnamese Revolutionary Young, in which it said it would open a trial after arresting Nguyen Ai Quoc.

In an earlier verdict by a provincial court, it sentenced Nguyen Ai Quoc to death, while the Privy Council asked to sentence him to life in prison.

1942

Ho Chi Minh was sent from Guangxi to Jiangxi, China by the Kuomintang of China. He wrote a poem in Mandarin on the way, “Being Extradited on Double Ten Day (Oct. 10).” (Double Ten Day celebrates the start of the Wuchang Uprising on October 10, 1911, which led to the collapse of the Qing Dynasty in China and the establishment of the Republic of China by the Kuomintang on January 1, 1912).

The poem was translated into Vietnamese by Nam Tran:

Nhà nhà hoa kết với đèn giăng
Houses decorated with flowers and lanterns

Quốc khanh reo vui cả nước mừng
The National Day is celebrating nationwide

Lại đúng hôm nay ta bị giải
While I was extraditing

Oái oăm gió cản cánh chim bằng
Strangely roc is prevented by winds

1947

The National Defense Army newspaper reported President Ho Chi Minh’s visit to a closing ceremony of a military training course.

On the visit, the President reminded officers: “A cadre who wants to be good must have revolutionary morals. An officer who is good in military skills but has no revolutionary morals cannot achieve success. Those who want to have revolutionary morals must have five important things: knowledge, prestige, humanity, bravery, probity. In addition, they have to know self-criticism and criticizing others, honesty, unity and discipline.”

1954

The President wrote in an appeal on the day of capital liberation, writing that “the Government left the capital to carry on the resistance war for eight years. Although the distance was great, the Government’s spirit was close to the compatriots.

“Today we achieved peace thanks to people’s solidarity and the army’s brave fight. The Government returned to the capital, to compatriots. All people living thousands of miles away are a family. The Government belongs to the people and has a unique goal: serving the people interests. The Government desires to receive help, control and critiques from the people to better carry on its duty as a faithful servant of the people.”

1959

Taking part in a conference on drafting a law on marriage and family, the President said: several people think that I am not married so that I do not understand marriage and family. Although I did not get married, I have a large family in which are workers from all over the world and the Vietnamese people. Thanks to that large family I can guess small families’ problems.

“Talking about women means regarding half of society. If women are not liberated, a half of humankind is not free. Those who draft the bill must be very careful because the law relates to the future of family, society and race.”

By Duong Trung Quoc* and his assistants 
The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Viet Trung

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