October 11

1941

“Workers” by Nguyen Ai Quoc was published in Independent Vietnam newspaper.

The poem read:

We workers must come forward
To save the country first, then save ourselves
Let’s join Viet Minh [League for the Independence of Vietnam]
Set out to take action and sacrifice
When our country is recovered
We can return to our work and benefit

1945

File photo of President Ho Chi Minh

President Ho Chi Minh attended a ceremony for launching “Illiteracy Elimination Day” in the capital in the presence of American Major General Philip E. Gallagher, the highest-ranking representative of the Allies in Hanoi.

At a Government Council meeting the same day, he apprised members about a reception for a delegation of national salvation entrepreneurs and listened to proposals on business tax and some important issues related to diplomacy and building dikes against floods.

1946

In “The War of Thinking,” part of a series on Sun Tzu’s The Art of War written by him in Cuu Quoc (National Salvation) magazine, the President placed emphasis on methods to sow division and discouragement among the enemy.

He wrote: “Towards the enemy, we must conduct propaganda in such a way that makes them disordered, puzzled and dispirited; towards neutral countries, we must court their sympathy so that if they cannot stand by us to fight our enemy, they will remain neutral; and towards our people, we must arouse their hatred for the enemy and encourage them to get together in the fight against the enemy and be confident in an ultimate victory.”

1947

The President completed a book titled Reforming Working Styles in which he described the qualifications and virtues required by revolutionary cadres.

In the chapter “Revolutionary personality and morality,” he mentioned 12 characteristics of a true revolutionary party.

He wrote: “The Party is not an organization through which its members will get rich, but it must fulfill the task of national liberation, make the fatherland strong and prosperous, and bring happiness to the people.

“Party members must be equipped with revolutionary reasoning that must be closely connected with practice… The Party does not hide its weaknesses and is not afraid of being criticized. It must recognize its shortcomings and correct them for progress… The Party must always review how its resolutions and directives are implemented to ensure that they are not empty ones and undermine the people’s trust in it.

“To make our Party strong, do not forget any of the 12 things.”

1951

In “Wordless mourning over sufferings” in Nhan Dan (The People), the President cited the French’s admission of a deadlock in the war in Indochina and concluded: “Invaders are about to end their days. Let’s go ahead!”

1958

Speaking at the first conference of the capital’s young women, he said: “Young women should self-improve, take the initiative in every activity and try their best to compete with young men… In sentimental relations, you should be honest and clean-minded and not starry-eyed to ensure your studies are not affected. You should get rid of improper old practices such as early marriage and luxurious wedding.”

By Duong Trung Quoc* and his assistants 
The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Truc Thinh

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