October 19

1945

President Ho Chi Minh chaired a Government Council meeting to discuss the negotiations held earlier with China on the transport of rice for relief from Southern Vietnam to the North, during which the Chinese had asked two-thirds of the rice to be provided to its troops in the North.

File photo of President Ho Chi Minh

The meeting also discussed the military situation in South Vietnam, some economic issues and the cooperation between the Government and the Ra De (also called E De) minority people in the Central Highlands.

In a message to French President De Gaulle, the President wrote: “I am glad to inform you that the provisional Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam has been established after Japan surrendered to the Allies and King Bao Dai stepped down.

“Our Government, which comprises of republicans from the country’s three regions, is determined to protect Vietnam’s independence by all means and undertakes to safeguard the life and property of foreigners in Vietnam on the basis of mutual respect and equal treatment.

“We object to the French troops’ presence in Vietnam and request you to issue instructions to the French army in the Far East to prevent regrettable incidents.”

President Ho Chi Minh also sent a similar message to the chairman of the French Congress.

The same day Cuu Quoc (National Salvation) magazine published the President’s letter to the Inter-African Conference in Manchester, the UK.

The letter read: “The Vietnamese nation, which is resolutely struggling for its independence, is touched to know that the conference has adopted a resolution that supports the Vietnamese people’s fight against French colonialists.

“The resolution manifests the unity among the peoples of Indochina, Indonesia, India, and Africa in their common struggle to safeguard their independence and freedom they regained after World War II.”

1966

In a letter of praise to people and soldiers in the North for gunning down their 1,500th US attack aircraft, the President said: “To avoid failure, the US invaders have foolishly stepped up their attacks on us. But the more venturesome they are, the more failure they will face. To make best use of this advantageous situation, our soldiers and people should continue to unite, be vigilant, and adopt our nation’s tradition of struggle to achieve total victory over the US invaders.”

Attending the 20th anniversary of the establishment of the Vietnam Women's Union, the President said: “The Union has seen experienced 20 years of operation, while the Vietnamese women’s brave tradition has a long history of 20 centuries. In the first century, Hai Ba Trung [Two Sisters Trung – two Vietnamese national heroines] led an uprising against foreign invaders to save the nation. Today, whenever the country is in a danger, women are ready to contribute to the struggle for nation’s liberation.

“Our nation has a saying: ‘Even women cannot but fight intruders in their home’. We are very grateful to mothers in both the South and North who gave birth to persons who later became national heroes. Since ancient times our women, from South to North and young to old, have proved their bravery…”

By Duong Trung Quoc* and his assistants
The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Truc Thinh

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