October 2

1928
 
Inprekorr journal of the Communist International published an article titled “French empire’s capitalism in Indochina” by Nguyen Ai Quoc.

 
The article analyzed the economic situation in this colony. It said: “The French empire in Indochina is always haunted by a coming revolution. Creating a proletarian class and teaching the Annam people how to use guns are evidence that imperialism is digging a pit to bury itself.”
 
1931
 
At Victoria Prison in Hong Kong, Tong Van So, another alias of Ho Chi Minh, received Stella Benson, a literature and stage activist. 
 
 
1950
 
On the occasion of the Mid-Autumn Festival, he wrote to children all over Vietnam.
 
He said: “This festival, you have progressed a lot, as has our resistance. I believe that wherever you are, you are always cheerful. Because all of you know that French invaders and its US ally can’t prevent our victory. Because you are all sure that the resistance will certainly achieve victory, and at that time you and I will together celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival cheerfully.”
 
1953
 
At Khuoi Tat in the Viet Bac base, he met Vo Nguyen Giap, Truong Chinh, and Pham Van Dong to hear the Commander-in-chief’s report on preparations for the upcoming campaign and the enemy’s status.
 
He said: “The enemy becomes stronger by concentrating on mobile troops. Don’t worry. That strength will not remain because we will scatter their forces.”

(From right) President Ho Chi Minh and his comrades: Nguyen Chi Thanh, Truong Chinh, and Pham Van Dong at Viet Bac in this undated file photo.

1961
 
He attended a Politburo meeting on the South’s revolution.
 
He said: “We need to consider the international situation to have astute policies, and review developments after Resolution No.15.
 
“The enemy destroys the North and is afraid of our might. Its military is strong but politics is weak. Our politics is strong but military is weak. It’s not advantageous to use strength to fight strength. We will use tricks to defeat the enemy.
 
“Guerillas have to be organized well to be able to help people and scatter the enemy’s forces … There will not be only political struggles. Production and cultural activities also need to change.”
 
1966
 
He offered suggestions for the contents of a calligraphy work the Vietnam Labor Party wanted to present to the Vietnam Women’s Union.
 
He suggested: “Vietnamese Women / Brave and responsible [for the household] /  Fight against the US to save the country.”
 
1968
 
He continued to attend a Politburo meeting to discuss a diplomatic strategy after the Mau Than Spring 1968.
 
He warned that if the US stops bombing while the war is still happening in the South, it might again bomb on the North. Therefore, we have to prepare and be ready for that.
 

By Duong Trung Quoc* and his assistants
* The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Minh Anh

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