October 25

1945

President Ho Chi Minh attended a Government Council meeting to discuss the draft Constitution and economic issues.

File photo of President Ho Chi Minh

1946

In “Terrain Issues,” one of his articles on “The Sun Tzu’s Art of War,” published in Cuu Quoc (National Salvation) magazine, the President wrote: “Strong troops and good commanders are obviously needed to ensure a military victory, but an investigation of terrain could not be ignored, since it can make it easier to win a battle. A good commander must make the best use of terrain to gain an advantage in combat.”

1947

The President completed a book titled “Reforming Working Styles,” which includes a chapter on the style of leadership, in which he wrote: “A good leader is a person who not only knows how to lead the public but also learn from them… Leaders must not be conceited but must listen to the public and must learn the experience of the public to perfect their leadership. The relationship between cadres and the public must not be lessened, even in one minute or second. The public is a force of the Party, so a close relationship between cadres and the public will ensure every victory. Any leadership in any activities of the Party must be from the public and for the public.”

1948

In a letter to Justice Minister Vu Dinh Hoe, the President wrote: “Dear Hoe, the amnesty in Thai Binh has come to an end. Director Vu Van Huyen has been diligent in his work and he should be praised by the Government for his good performance… But recently, he has committed wrongdoings and we had to warn him to help him correct his mistakes. However, along with giving him a written warning, you should have an intimate talk with him about the Government’s attitude toward him…”

1951

During a visit to the Military Political High School, the President advised: “In the old days, our ancestors had to resort to protracted resistance wars to defeat invaders. In the Tran dynasty, for instance, our nation had to experience three resistance wars before getting Yuan troops out; or in the Le dynasty, it took our nation 10 years to defeat the Ming invaders…

“Our current resistance war is conducted following the August Revolution in 1945 and is a protracted resistance war, too. It is a war filled with a lot of hardship but it will certainly to come to success.”

To overcome weaknesses, the President said: “We must try to learn political and military science. An army without support from politics is just like a tree without roots – both useless and harmful. Our army is the people’s army, so we must learn the Party’s policies on such an army…

“Someone says that there is no difference between new revolutionary virtues and obsolete ones. It is a big mistake. A person with new revolutionary virtues can be seen as a person who firmly stands on his feet and raises his head high, while a person with backward virtues is like one doing a handstand. New virtues of a revolutionary soldier are diligence, thrift, honesty and uprightness.”

By Duong Trung Quoc* and his assistants
The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Truc Thinh

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