October 9

1924

In “Lynch Law Execution” by Nguyen Ai Quoc published in Dieweltribune and then re-published in Inprekorr of the Communist International, the author provided statistics about black people who received severe punishments from racists in the US.

The article concluded: “The Lynch Law Execution deserves to be given an honorable place in the collection of crimes committed by ‘the American civilization’.”

President Ho Chi Minh meets farmers in Hung Son Commune in the northern Thai Nguyen Province in 1954 (File photo)

1938

Nguyen Ai Quoc left Moscow for a working trip to the East.

1939 

During his stay in China, Nguyen Ai Quoc traveled from Kueilin to Liuzhou, Nanning and then Longzhou, looking to make contact with revolutionaries in Vietnam, but failed.

1940

In Longzhou, Nguyen Ai Quoc met some of his Vietnamese comrades.

At a meeting in Kueilin, he said since revolutionary activities were facing many difficulties, secrecy should be strengthened and revolutionary forces should be kept intact.

He said: “At present, only the Red Armies of the Soviet Union and China are friendly to us and really our allies. Meanwhile, the army under Chiang Kai-shek’s administration is just our temporary ally although they have entered Vietnam to fight the Japanese. By nature, they are even our enemy. We should be aware of their reactionary characteristics or we will face danger.”

Commencing on the revolutionary base in the northern Cao Bang Province, he said: “The base will be very helpful for our revolution in future since it has a strong revolutionary movement and lies on the border, making it easy for international communications.

“When the activities in Cao Bang are connected with those in Thai Nguyen Province and even the whole country, it will become a base from which our troops can move in and out.”

1945

The President chaired a Government Council meeting to discuss the transport of relief rice from the South to North with the help of the US Red Cross.

On foreign relations, he said: “We should be clever to identify our enemy along with their strong and weak points. We must know whom they are courting and whom they want to isolate.”

Speaking about the working class, he said: “We should organize workers’ conferences to display the masses’ strength and encourage them to take part in a new fight.”

1952

In “Nguyen Van M: an example of mass mobilization” in Nhan Dan (The People) newspaper, the President praised Mr. M., a guerilla for his achievements in the resistance war and making great efforts to persuade others to join it.           
  
The article read: “If every Party member and official in areas occupied by the enemy takes the same actions as Mr. M., then we are sure to win and our enemy is sure to fail.”

1966

In “It is imperative to fight the drought” he wrote in Nhan Dan, the President called on all local authorities and agencies to make plans to fight the drought and protect crops.

He wrote: “Having one more bucket of water means having one more bowl of golden rice.”

1968

The President wrote “Taking care of the castle in the upcoming winter” in Nhan Dan, in which he said: “Caring for the castle is a duty of cooperatives … But it is also the task of farmers who are participating in the fight against American invaders to save the country.”

By Duong Trung Quoc* and his assistants 
The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Quang Tho

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