The western city would include 16 inner districts and five outlying ones, Cuong said at a conference on solutions for increasing land values and focusing on the development of infrastructure and land use in HCM City. “The infrastructure of the 16 inner districts is overloaded,” he added. It is best to limit construction and even freeze it in several areas in the 16 inner districts, he added.
This means that infrastructure, houses and other construction there should be upgraded and maintained, but new houses and buildings should not be allowed.
In the five outlying districts, comprehensive planning for developing three new modern urban areas, including Hiep Phuoc in Nha Be District, Tan Tuc in Binh Chanh District and Cu Chi District, should be carried out because they are necessary industrial and service urban areas.
Transit-oriented development is the suitable orientation for developing these new modern urban areas, Cuong said.
The eastern city, including districts 2, 9 and Thu Duc, has a good location and favourable conditions for modern development, he said. “The first thing is to make plans and invest in a modern transport system,” he added.
Development management in the eastern city should be strict to ensure synchronism in the transport system and infrastructure, he said. In the eastern city, the main transport vehicle should be metro rail transit, buses, and cars, he suggested, adding that luxury apartment buildings and villas should be developed.
However, the existing residential areas in the eastern city should also be developed with modernization, he said. To develop the eastern city, land-based financing has to be exploited, he suggested.
Dr Huynh The Du of Fullbright University Vietnam added that land-based financing techniques are very common options for cities to finance urban infrastructure. “This method will help solve the limited local budget financing for the very high demand of infrastructure construction,” Du said.
It is a very suitable option for provinces and cities in the country, he suggested.
Dr Nguyen Ngoc Hieu of Vietnamese-German University’s sustainable urban development, said that a property tax is an efficient tool to help reduce the cost of public investment in upgrading urban and transport infrastructure.
Vo Thi Ngoc Trinh of HCM City Open University’s Economics and Public Management Faculty said financing solutions for infrastructure development in HCM City must be found given that current capital for development is scarce. Public-private partnerships (PPP) should be strengthened to attract more capital from the private sector for infrastructure projects, Trinh said.
A Law on Investment in PPP projects should be written to create a solid foundation for attracting private investors more effectively, she added.
The October 20 conference was held by the city Department of Planning and Architecture in co-operation with the Department of Finance and HCM City Open University.