Viet Nam will strictly follow the UN charter, making it the nation’s primary principle, said Permanent Deputy Foreign Minister Pham Binh Minh.
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Minh made the confirmation in an interview with the Viet Nam News Agency on the country’s officially taking the non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council beginning on January 1, 2008.
He said: The biggest challenge emerging from this mission to Viet Nam will be direct pressures from major countries and the impact from other countries’ action regarding regional security issues when reflecting a viewpoint through casting votes at the UN Security Council, the deputy minister said.
Such pressures come from the different viewpoints as well as from interests between member and non-member countries of the UN Security Council.
Also, a mission with the UN Security Council will pose numerous issues of great concerns such as increasingly complicated world developments while the UN Security Council’s decisions are often required to be made in a short time. Such a situation asks for timely policy-making decisions both at home and abroad. Also, it is the first time for Viet Nam to undertake the tasks of a UN Security Council member and the country lacks experiences in some these issues.
It will also have to solve numerous complicated issues regarding world security and peace, including those related to the interest of major or regional countries.
Finally, we have to deal with a burden of work at the UN Security Council (each year will see more than 200 official and non-official meetings.)
However, we have more advantages than difficulties to fulfill our mission. First of all is the strong international trust and support as shown through a large number of votes in favour of Viet Nam ’s non-permanent seat at the UN Security Council at the 62nd General Assembly.
Secondly, peace, cooperation and development continue to be a major trend in the world in line with the Party and State policy towards independence, self-reliance, multi-lateralisation and diversification in foreign relations.
Viet Nam is willing to become a friend and reliable partner with other countries the world over in the interest of peace, independence and development.
Thirdly, Viet Nam ’s external relations have made a huge leap after 20 years of renewal and the entire population is eager to increase the nation’s international prestige and to contribute more to the common cause of the region and the world as a whole.
Finally, Viet Nam has gained experiences in major multi-lateral diplomatic drives, including complicated and prolonged multi-party negotiations such as the Geneva Conference in 1954 on peace for Indochina, the Paris conference in 1973 to end the war in Viet Nam and establish peace for the country and a conference on Cambodia in 1991.
Viet Nam ’s experiences in hosting major international conferences should also be accounted for, including a Francophone conference in 1997, a Summit of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in 1998, an Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) in 2005 and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum in 2006.
Viet Nam ’s UN membership for 30 years with a number of positions in the international body has also gained the country valuable experiences in building and implementing the policies and procedures of operations relating to multi-lateral forums and the UN itself. The foreign relations personnel have also undergone numerous challenges and grown maturely enough in various fields.
“To participate actively, responsibly and efficiently in the activities of the Security Council, Viet Nam ’s premier principle is to abide by the UN Charter’s guidelines and purposes. On this basis, Viet Nam will join other Security Council members to map out and implement the organ’s decisions on the world’s political and security issues.
“ Viet Nam supports multilateralism and considers the multilateral approach, typically through the UN and regional institutions, to deal with common issues as an effective and durable way.”
He stressed that Viet Nam , with a full awareness of the necessity of continued reform of the UN mechanism in general and the Security Council in particular for its more democratic and representative quality, will do with its all strength to contribute actively to the process.
Regarding Viet Nam ’s participation as a non-permanent member of the Security Council, the deputy minister emphasised: “ Viet Nam will join in all activities of the Council as a full member in its term from Jan. 1, 2008 to Dec. 31, 2009.”
He detailed the country’s intents to join other members in seeking measures for issues related to world peace and security, to consider the roles as a chairman or vice chairman for some committees of the Council or as an intermediating role for settling conflicts by peaceful solutions and sharing experiences in post-war reconstruction.
He underlined Viet Nam ’s position as the Council’s alternate chairman in July 2008, in which the country will have its first task in operating the Security Council through programming, organising and chairing its sessions, making chairmanship statements and promulgating its documents.
“The two coming years will be busy years, promissing to bring challenges and opportunities for the development of Viet Nam ’s diplomatic sector. Experiences in taking initiatives at multilateral forums will be valuable lessons for Viet Nam ,” the deputy minister concluded.