August 12

1945

When World War II was entering its last days, President Ho Chi Minh, in bad health at Tan Trao revolutionary base, received the news, via a receiver, that the Japanese had issued a diplomatic note to the Allies to explore a possibility of a ceasefire.

President Ho Chi Minh, who said in 1961: “To prevent the US’s terrible crimes in Hiroshima and Nagasaki from occurring again, we resolutely struggle against atomic and hydrogen bomb testing and decisively demand a comprehensive disarmament.” (File photo)

Although the Japanese had not yet surrendered to the Allies, through their action the President commented: “There is a risk of collapse within the Japanese army.”

1946

President Ho Chi Minh meet with the Vietnamese delegation going to Fontainebleau and a number of Vietnamese living in France.

In an interview to French newspaper Le Combat about a clash between Vietnamese and French troops in northern Bac Ninh Province, the President said: “My opinion is that no matter which side is to blame for the clash, it is a regrettable incident. The conference may be interrupted, but it will not be stopped.”

To save the situation, the President wrote to French Overseas Minister Marius Moutet:

“The first thing we need to do is to ease the mind of both the French and Vietnamese. We should get them to understand what they can achieve. National independence for Vietnam and issues related to Southern Vietnam are the issues that most interest both sides. I am sure that, with a common goodwill and mutual trust, we can reach an agreement that benefits both our nations.”

He also sent a letter to the General Secretary of the Communist Party of France, Maurice Thorez, asking communist ministers to give support to Vietnam when they took part in meetings of the French Government Council.

He wrote: “The fate of Vietnam depends much on such meetings.”

1952

In “A village heads toward a model” in Cuu Quoc (National Salvation) magazine under the pseudonym D. X., President Ho Chi Minh spoke highly of Tho Xuan village in north-central Thanh Hoa Province.

He was referring to their performance in the implementation of the Government’s policies on stepping up production and thriftiness. The village, he said, organized collective production and labor assignments. He praised the village through four lines of poem:

Proper assignment made for all villagers
Helps boost production and thriftiness
Doubling the yield for every harvest
Adding strength to fighting the French

1954

A delegation from the International Commission of Control and Supervision for Vietnam arrived in northern Thai Nguyen Province to oversee the ceasefire in Vietnam under the Geneva Treaty.

At the welcome ceremony, President Ho Chi Minh said: “I believe that the international committee will stick to the spirit of the Geneva Treaty and the final declaration of the Geneva conference, and that they will fulfill their tasks on the basis of actual conditions, justice and uprightness.”

1961

In a message to the international conference against the use of atomic weapons held in Tokyo, President Ho Chi Minh wrote: “To prevent the US’s terrible crimes in Hiroshima and Nagasaki from occurring again, we resolutely struggle against atomic and hydrogen bomb testing and decisively demand a comprehensive disarmament.”

1969

President Ho Chi Minh arrived in Ho Tay (West Lake) in Hanoi to visit the Vietnamese diplomatic mission that returned home after completing its negotiations in Paris.

Bad weather caused him to catch a cold and he fell ill. He never recovered, with the illness progressively worsening until his death September 2.

Translated by Truc Thinh

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