August 21

1920

Nguyen Ai Quoc fell ill and was hospitalized at Cochin Hospital in Paris for treatment. French spies kept tabs on the situation.

1923

The file photo shows President Ho Chi Minh taking part in a tree- planting festival in Ba Vi, northern province of Ha Tay on February 16, 1969.

In “The yoke of oppression is not exclusive to any race,” published in Le Paria newspaper, Nguyen Ai Quoc mentioned the funerals of a Soviet Union envoy assassinated by fascists in the city of Lausanne, Switzerland, and a Tunisian worker killed by French police in Paris.

In the article, he commented: “All the martyrs of the working class were victims of the same killer, international capitalism. The greatest consolation to their souls might be their firm belief in a victory of the suppressed nations’ struggles for liberation, no matter which race they belong to.

“Following these heart-breaking killings, people who are oppressed must have understood who their friends are and who their enemies are.”

1941 

The Independent Vietnam newspaper published a picture drawn by Nguyen Ai Quoc. Attached with the picture were four lines of poetry:

Independent Vietnam as a loudspeaker
Calling on everybody, young people and the old
To unit together as an iron block
Joining the struggle for national salvation

1942

In the above newspaper, Ho Chi Minh wrote a poem to call for a great unity of the entire people in the revolution:

Recovering the country requires strong capability
Revolutionary career needs unanimity
The wider propaganda is made
The sooner revolution’s success will come

1946

In face of a possible collapse of the Fontainebleau Conference in France, President Ho Chi Minh sent a diplomatic note to the French government to demand bilateral negotiations be continued.

The French side replied: “Because of profound differences between the two sides’ viewpoints on basic issues, the conference cannot be continued, since if it is continued, it will probably come to nothing.”

Nonetheless, to save the situation, the President still contacted some politicians, including French Overseas Minister Marius Moutet, former Indochina Governor General A. Varenne, and French government envoy to Vietnam Jean Sainteny. He also replied to questions from the French newspaper Libération.

1952

In “Family planning” in the Nhan Dan (The People) newspaper, he gave instructions on boosting production, thrift and family planning.

He was also critical of unpractical, imposing and bureaucratic working styles of some cadres and concluded: “Briefly, family planning is a very good task to do, as it benefits the country and people. But to make the task successful, cadres should be well prepared, give clear explanations to the public, avoid bureaucracy and imposition, and closely monitor the implementation of family planning policy.”

1953

President Ho Chi Minh wrote an article, “Party cells,” in Cuu Quoc (National Salvation) magazine, in which he emphasized “a Party cell is a bond that links the Party and the public. Party cells should pay due attention to people’s aspirations and demands, and should always care about the economic, political and cultural life of the people.”

1969

On the 24th anniversary of National Day (September 2), the President issued Decree 12/LCT, which gave an amnesty and commutation to prisoners of good conduct and performance during their prison term.

This document was the last issued by the President before his death on September 2, 1969.



By Duong Trung Quoc and his assistants
The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Truc Thinh

Other news