August 29

In a case relating to Nguyen Ai Quoc in Hong Kong, though there were not enough legal bases to deport Tong Van So, or him, from Britain’s colonies, the British Colonies Minister did not allow Tong Van So to visit Britain where he would be safe from French arrest.


File photo of President Ho Chi Minh

President Ho Chi Minh went to prison in Guangxi Province’s Jingxi District, China. He was imprisoned there till September 24.
During the time in prison, he composed 22 poems and the first of them was a declaration for an unyielding and optimistic spirit.
The poem said, “Body is in the prison. Spirit is outside the prison. [If] wanting to have great career, the spirit must be high.”
One year after getting out of the prison in Jingxi and detained in various prisons in other local areas, he was escorted from Tianbao back to Jingxi and placed in solitary confinement for over two weeks.
President Ho Chi Minh invited Colonel A. Patty, head of the US Office of Strategic Services (OSS), to come to 48 Hang Ngang Street to discuss the draft “Independence Declaration,” a ceremony to declare it, Chinese Nationalist Party’s troops entering Indochina to lay down Japanese troops’ arms from the 18th parallel, and the Vietnamese Government’s nationalization program for some important economic sectors.
On the same day, on behalf of the caretaker Government, President Ho Chi Minh asked Col. Patty to forward his letter to US President Truman.
The letter said, “For issues in Vietnam, which the Allied Joint Committee is assigned to solve, [I’d like to] ask the US delegation to be a member of the committee and set up relations with our government. We want our government, the only legitimate government in Vietnam and which fought against Japan, to have the right to have a delegate on the committee.”
He continued to widen his contacts with French politicians such as Education Minister Nagelen, Construction Minister Francois Billoux and editor-in-chief of Le Canard Enchainé.
Cuu Quoc (National Salvation) published an article, “Have mind and money at hand, East Sea can be dried up,” he wrote under the pseudonym DX.
The article reflected people’s minds for the resistance and building the nation.
It said, “Our people have strength, property and mind. [If] officials are dedicated and pure, all work will be successful.”
Speaking at a Politburo meeting on enlarging the capital, he said, “Widening the capital has to be based on weather, terrain and people. The planning has to be rational and ensure economic development, beauty and national defense. There has to be a program to encourage people to join the plan and a management board has to be established. Don’t work for form’s sake and squandering.”

By Duong Trung Quoc and his assistants
The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Hoang Yen

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