January 26


Nguyen Ai Quoc (an alias President Ho Chi Minh used from 1920 to 1941) took part in the special session of the  11th all-Russian Congress of Soviets held to mark the funeral of V.I. Lenin at the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow. Nguyen Ai Quoc listened to Kalinin and Stalin speak and said farewell to the leader of the world Communist movement.

The file photo shows Uncle Ho welcoming children to visit him in the first Lunar New Year after Vietnam achieved peace and independence, February 9, 1955.


The Privy Council that advises the British monarchy received an appeal from Nguyen Ai Quoc. Despite nine trials a Hong Kong court could not collect enough evidence to sentence Tong Van So (other alias of Nguyen Ai Quoc while in Hong Kong) and was forced to allow him to send the appeal to the British rulers. The appeal marked the beginning of a year-long legal fight against Hong Kong authorities, which ended with the freedom of Tong Van So. During the fight he was defended in court by British lawyer Frank Loseby.


President Ho Chi Minh signed a very important decree stipulating punishments and rewards. The decree said that punishments and rewards must be strict and clear to assure people, achieve victory in the fight (against the French), and succeed in building the country. It listed 10 acts that needed to be rewarded – like three people in a family enlisting to fight, sacrificing for the country, sponsoring a public construction, and others.

It also spelled out 10 offences that needed to be punished -- such as contacting the enemy, betraying the country, destroying traffic systems and military weapons, and not preventing soldiers who are harming people.


This day fell on the 28th of the 12th lunar month (two days before New Year Eve). After finishing a government meeting, President Ho Chi Minh participated in a campfire to bid farewell to members from the south. Minister of Internal Affairs Le Van Hien wrote in his dairy: ‘Tonight a small party was held to bid adieu to members from the south. It was also a Tet party by the government. The party was small and moving. After the party was a campfire. Many games were played and President Ho Chi Minh was very pleased but cried when soldiers enacted victory day showing President Ho Chi Minh visiting people in Sai Gon (now Ho Chi Minh City).


The president wrote a story titled “The oldest people in our country.” He listed 12 people aged 81 to 123, among whom were 10 women, and gave examples of people who were still healthy and useful despite their advanced years. The leader also called on the elderly to write letters to People newspaper so that the government could contact them.


President Ho chi Minh delivered a speech at a training course, saying: “To keep the pureness of Marxism-Leninism we must keep ourselves pure. To defeat the enemy, imperialism, and achieve success in building socialism, we must defeat the enemy inside everybody, which is selfishness.”

By Duong Trung Quoc* and co-writers 

*The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Ngoc Minh

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