The “Declaration of the Union of Oppressed Nations,” drafted by Nguyen Ai Quoc (Nguyen the Patriot, an alias of President Ho Chi Minh), was run in Thanh Nien newspaper published in the Chinese province of Guangzhou.
File photo of President Ho Chi Minh, who in 1960 was critical of the lifestyle of some officials, saying: “Some officials do not want to work directly with workers, thereby leading to bureaucratic practices.”
The declaration emphasized: “It is necessary to unite suppressed nations and all workers in the world to carry out a revolution.”
It also launched an appeal: “Dear all oppressed people. Imperialists suppress us and treat us like animals, as we have not been united. If we join together, we will become a redoubtable opponent to them. We should unite soon. Let’s join together to claim our interests and freedom. Let’s join together to save our race.
“Dear friends. Our solidarity will create a force that is powerful enough to defeat imperialists. To get rid of slavery, we can only rely on our own strength. Join us to launch an ultimate revolution.”
Ho Chi Minh, on behalf of the Viet Minh (League for the Vietnamese Revolution), discussed with Major Allison Thomas, the commander of an Office of Strategic Services (OSS) unit in Vietnam, a joint plan to fight Japanese fascists.
The two sides were interested in the importance of Thai Nguyen – Bac Kan – Cao Bang route in the fight and agreed that Viet Minh would receive more OSS units.
During his stay in Paris, France, President Ho Chi Minh received a number of French intellectuals and politicians, including Minister of Weapons Charles Tillon and writer Simone Thiery.
In “American people opposed to wars” in Nhan Dan (The People) under pseudonym C. B., President Ho Chi Minh wrote: “People’s ideas are the will of God. American imperialists act against the will of God, so they will suffer a failure.”
Attending the Congress of the Thanh Hoa Province’s Trade Union, President Ho Chi MInh highlighted the role of the working class in the implementation of the State’s plans.
He was also critical of the lifestyle of some officials. He said: “During my travels, I found some cadres, particularly high-ranking ones, who have their own places for taking meals and living. So they cannot know whether canteens or accommodation for workers are in good or bad conditions. Some officials do not want to work directly with workers, thereby leading to bureaucratic practices.”
President Ho Chi Minh attended the fifth conference of the Party’s Central Executive Committee on agricultural development in the five-year plan of 1961-1965.
Discussing food buying by the government, he complained that it was carried out sluggishly, asking: “Where are the obstacles? Confucius once said: ‘Things not believed by the people will not be accomplished’. Some communes’ authorities said they were under pressure from districts’ administration, and districts’ government in turn said they suffered the pressure from provincial authorities, which complained that they were constrained by the central government.
“As such, the problem in food purchasing may be stemmed from the fact that the inferior level has yet to put trust in its superior and vice versa.”
In an interview to a Cuban reporter, the President confirmed: “Southern Vietnam is certainly to be liberated. The South and the North will be, step-by-step, unified to form a united Vietnam.”
By Duong Trung Quoc* and co-writers
*The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly