At the 15th session of the International Red Union’s 3rd General Meeting in Moscow, Nguyen Ai Quoc (Nguyen the Patriot, an early pseudonym of Ho Chi Minh) read a report on “The industry and working class in Indochina.”
|File photo of President Ho Chi Minh|
After producing supporting statistical figures, Nguyen Ai Quoc said that “French imperialism in Indochina is in fact just a form of slavery restoration.”
He emphasized, “The proletarian class, however, has not yet been able to do anything to fight against such an exploitation system. Although it is a bad situation, we still have a way out, thanks to the support of revolutionary organizations that have a close relationship with the International Red Union.
“We are determined to crush European imperialism, which is oppressing us,” he added.
At the meeting, Nguyen Ai Quoc also drafted a resolution on Indochina as a supplement to the general meeting’s resolution.
Arrested in Hong Kong under the pseudonym Tong Van So on June 6, Nguyen Ai Quoc’s appeal, together with agreements reached during negotiations between his defense counsel Frank H. Loseby and representatives of the UK’s Privy Council, were approved.
Accordingly, the Privy Council suggested the Vietnamese revolutionary waive his appeal and at the same time instructed the governor of Hong Kong to comply with the agreement.
President Ho Chi Minh saw off Frank Tan, a Chinese-born spy from the US’s Office of Strategic Services (OSS). Tan was assigned to Vietnam to help organize a group of people that worked together to take revolutionaries of Viet Minh Forces to Kunming in Yunnan, China.
Ho Chi Minh asked Frank Tan to convey a letter to Charles Fenn, representative of OSS in Hwanan, China, in which he stated his commitments for cooperation clearly and firmly.
In Paris, President Ho Chi Minh met with the editorial staff of the popular humorous weekly Le Canard Enchainé and participants in the International Youth Conference being organized there.
He also had a talk with Russian writer Ilya Erenbourge and representatives of American, Russian and Chinese armed forces, who attended the French Arms and Ammunition Festival organized at the Villacoublay Airport.
At Viet Bac base, President Ho Chi Minh presided over the memorial service of Dimitrov, a famous Bulgarian revolutionary, late general secretary of the Communist International.
In reply to a question raised by a reporter from East Germany’s News Agency, Uncle Ho said, “The struggle for democracy, peace and independence is the sacred right of the Vietnamese people. No force or accusation can prevent their effort in winning final victory.”
He added, “Vietnamese people pursue a non-violent struggle for the country’s independence and freedom in compliance with the Geneva Agreement.”
Uncle Ho wrote a letter to the Nghe An Province Party Committee encouraging the local government and people to implement democracy, restore and develop the economy so that they could build Nghe An into a prosperous region.
He said, “Nghe An is a large province with abundant natural resources and industrious people. I hope that you, local government and people, will try your best to build it into one of the most developed provinces in the North.”
This was the last recommendation that Uncle Ho left to the country before he passed away on September 2, 1969.
By Duong Trung Quoc* and co-writers
*The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly