July 22


From Guangzou, China, Nguyen Ai Quoc (Nguyen the Patriot, an early alias of Ho Chi Minh) sent a letter to the Central Children’s Committee, under the Union Lenin League of Communist Youth, in which he raised the issue, “We are a group of Vietnamese children being oppressed by French imperialism."

File photo of President Ho Chi Minh

“Like real revolutionary soldiers, many of us have left our families to go abroad to follow the revolutionary calling. While we are away from home, our parents have been arrested and imprisoned by the French as punishment. “

He proposed that the committee admit a number of children into the organization and give training to them so that they will become “true juvenile Leninists in the coming future.”

Nguyen Ai Quoc also sent a letter to the French Young Communist League to ask for their support. He said, “This will create conditions for the children to get a good communist education.”


Nguyen Ai Quoc visited Nakhon Phanom, a north-eastern Thai province bordering Indochina, and started his job of building up many revolutionary bases among Vietnamese communities living in different regions of Thailand.

Later, in one of his reports sent to the Communist International, Nguyen Ai Quoc wrote, “I have tried to go back Vietnam twice, but to no avail.”

He said, “The secret agents and police guard border areas with strict security, especially since the successful assassination of Herve Bazin.” [Herve Bazin was a French labor recruiter in Hanoi. He was assassinated by some members of Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang (Vietnamese Nationalist Party) on February 9, 1929.


As an effort to continue his establishment of a diplomatic relationship with the French, President Ho Chi Minh contacted local people from different levels of society, as well as a number of politicians.

He also sent a letter to Colonial Minister Marius Moutet to inform him of his intention to return to Vietnam.

He expressed his regret, “If France does not recognize Vietnam’s independence, there will be harmful effects, not only to Vietnam but also to France.

“Such harm will forever effect France, but be temporary to Vietnam because the failure of the Vietnamese people’s desired cooperation between the two countries tells us that we should rely on ourselves to achieve our aspiration,” he emphasized.


President Ho Chi Minh appealed to the people, “The Geneva Conference has come to an end and we have won in our efforts in diplomatic movements. I respectfully bow my head to the memory of those have laid down their lives for the independence of the country. I also send my words of comfort to all injured and sick soldiers.”

He asserted, “The North, South and Central part all belong to the land of the nation. The country will achieve unification and all the people will live in freedom.”

“The people in the South are growing alive to the ideals of revolution and have a good fighting spirit,” he said, “I trust that they will place national interests above local interests and long-term interests above short-term interests.”

“I appeal to all people without discrimination on the grounds of race, class, religion, political opinions or parties to stand together, struggling for the whole country’s peace, unification, independence and democracy,” he added.


Uncle Ho sent a letter to praise the army and people of Nghe An Province for shooting down 400 U.S. jet fighters.

He lauded, “You people and the army of Nghe An should even more heighten the sense of the province’s heroic tradition, by doing so, you will gain more great feats of arms in the coming future.”

By Duong Trung Quoc* and co-writers
*The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly  

Translated by Phuong Lan

Other news