This day was marked by some serious events in the resistance war against French colonialists -- President Ho Chi Minh met with the Governmental Council to complete the draft of an important document to be signed with the French; a clash broke out in Hai Phong Port between the troops of the French and the Chinese Nationalists led by Jiang Jieshi (1887-1975).
Diplomatic efforts were stepped up between the sides to diffuse the hostility.
At 4.30 pm, the Preliminary Accord between Vietnam and France was signed at 36 Ly Thai To, Hanoi, confirming the Democratic Republic of Vietnam was a country with its own government, national assembly, army, and finances. The treaty stated that the unification of the three parts of the country would be determined by the Vietnamese people and that Vietnam is a part of Indochina and the French Union.
After the signing, the President said, “We are dissatisfied as we have yet to gain full independence, but we will achieve it.”
|President Ho Chi Minh (sitting, 3rd L) with resistance soldiers from the south who called on him at the Viet Bac Resistance Zone in 1949|
When the resistance war entered its third month, President Ho Chi Minh said to his close colleagues: “Our strength is now like that of a 16-year-old youth’s, while our enemy’s strength is that of a man who is older but cunning and wicked. Victory is not certain if we rely only on our strength to fight him.
“We should be fighting and improving ourselves simultaneously. When our strength is better and our enemy’s has waned, we will take advantage of it to strike him down. Therefore, we should wage a protracted resistance war to ensure our victory.”
Several officials working closely with the President were then nicknamed “Khang, Chien, Truong, Ky, Nhat, Dinh, Thang, and Loi.” [These Vietnamese words constitute the sentence “The protracted resistance war will surely end in a victory.”]
In his message to the second national conference of commissars, President Ho Chi Minh wrote: “Towards soldiers, commissars must be a dear sister, an even-handed bother and a sensible friend… Commissars should serve as examples in every regard.”
In a letter to the director of the Zone 12 Police Department, he wrote: “A revolutionary policeman must have the following conducts: ‘As for himself, he must be industrious, thrifty, honest and righteous; to his colleagues, he must be friendly and helpful; to the government, he must be absolutely loyal; to the people, he must be show respect and politeness; in his work, he must be dedicated; and in face of his enemies, he must be determined and clever’.”
These instructions has since become known as “Uncle Ho’s six instructions to Vietnamese policemen.”
The day also saw the President and Indonesian President Sukarno visit the village of Ubut, an anti-Japanese base in Indonesia. The two leaders also paid a visit to Bali.
President Ho Chi Minh delivered a congratulatory letter to troops and people in Thanh Hoa Province for gunning down the 1,700th and 1,701st US aircraft in the war.
On the same day, in a message to Nguyen Huu Tho, chairman of the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam, he praised the Front’s political program. “The Vietnamese nation and people are very proud of the South which deserves to be the fatherland’s iron bulwark,” he wrote.
By Duong Trung Quoc* and co-writers
*The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly