March 9

1923

Nguyen Ai Quoc, an alias of Ho Chi Minh, attended a meeting held in District 14, Paris, by the district’s Committee for Action against War and Imperialism.

1946

Cuu Quoc (Save Our Fatherland) newspaper published the “Proclamation of the French and Vietnamese People” signed by President Ho Chi Minh and French General Jacques Philippe Leclerc. It stated that French troops would return south of the 16th latitude and called for “the French and Vietnamese to follow the orders of the two countries’ leaders and strictly execute those orders.”

In interviews to some newspapers, President Ho Chi Minh criticized the French for not really respecting the unification of Vietnam and said, “If the war prolongs, it is certain the French Union will be disrupted, France’s interests in East Asia will be affected, and our country will be devastated. But how much ever desolation our country suffers, this will remain the land of Vietnam. On our blood and bones and over their ashes, our young people and our progeny will build a Vietnam that is fully independent.”

President Ho Chi Minh with some delegates at the 3rd National Women’s Congress in 1961 

1953

In an article “Peasantry” published on Cuu Quoc, he pointed out that farmers are “the key force of our revolution.” They have contributed the most and sacrificed the most for our revolution, he said. But they, “due to backward economic conditions, are often conservative and unconnected and follow a trend of private ownership.”

“The working class should unite peasants and help them and lead them since they are a large and durable force.” This would be an “alliance of workers and peasants.”

1959

President Ho Chi Minh wrapped up his visit to Indonesia and on the way home transited in Rangoon, Myanmar’s capital, and China’s Kunming airport.

1960        

Nhan Dan (People) newspaper published “Tot” (Good), a story in a series titled “Rapid, Abundant, Good and Cheap”, in which he emphasized the significance of product quality, writing, “Doing things quickly but in a bad manner is not honorable at all. As the masters of the country, we must do things in a considerate manner. We should make things quickly, in abundance, well, and cheaply for the sake of our country and people.”

1961

Addressing the third National Women’s Congress, he said, “Women should get rid of their inferiority complex and excessive reliance on others. Women should be self-made and self-strengthening and should improve their political, social, and technical knowledge… Our women should be aware that they are their own masters and have a duty to help govern the country. They should have a new determination, new virtue, and new style to fulfill their new obligations…”

1967

In “Commendable and Blamable,” an essay he wrote in Nhan Dan under the pen name “Chien Si” (Soldier), Ho Chi Minh cited the example of a leader in a commune in Thai Binh Province, who was hard-working and good at pig farming. He warned against the uncontrolled slaughter of pigs at a food shop in the province. He asked official agencies to inform the public about both good and bad things as examples for everyone to consider.

By Duong Trung Quoc* and co-writers
*The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Quang Minh

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