French newspaper La Vie Ouvrière published an article, “The Right of Warriors,” by Nguyen Ai Quoc – Nguyen the Patriot, an alias of Ho Chi Minh, in which he denounced the imperial war and demagogic views of the French colonialists.
He wrote, “The right of [colonialist] warriors is the right to freely kill fellow-creatures and protect the bourgeois’ safes, which are built by the sweat of the working class and are stained with the blood of French troops and indigenous soldiers. It is also the right to freely massacre the people in colonies to create profits for the capitalist class.”
President Ho Chi Minh attended a conference of the Party Central Committee, and joined a party to mark the 60th birthday of his comrade Ton Duc Thang.
In his diary, Finance Minister Le Van Hien wrote, “A party was held to wish comrade Ton Duc Thang’s longevity. On this occasion, President Ho Chi Minh offered Ton a new name, 'Ton Tat Thang'." (Tat Thang means “It is surely to win.”)
Everybody told funny stories, recited poems, or sang to cheer him up. The party was simple but happy and touching.”
During his visit to Son La Province, belonging to the Tay Bac Autonomous Zone, the President met local people and said, “The people in the zone once joined our soldiers in gaining the Dien Bien Phu Victory, wiping out French invaders and liberating the country. Now, the people and soldiers should continue joining in the fight against hunger and illiteracy, making everyone well-off, educated, peaceful and happy.”
|President Ho Chi Minh meeting with soldiers and residents in Thuan Chau District, Son La Province on May 7, 1959, on the 5th anniversary of the Dien Bien Phu Victory|
In an article, “Celebrating Dien Bien Phu Victory,” for the Nhan Dan (The People) newspaper, the President wrote, “Our people can be proud to be the first to defeat a powerful armed force of the colonialists, and thereby encouraging other colonized nations to rise up to claim freedom and independence.
“The Dien Bien Phu victory is victory for the people, of socialist countries and of nations that are against imperialism and colonialism.”
He also warned that the American empire was falling into the same tracks of French colonialists and would suffer the same shameful failure.
Welcoming the 10th anniversary of Dien Bien Phu Victory, President Ho Chi Minh wrote in the guestbook at the Dien Bien Phu Museum:
“The Dien Bien Phu victory is a great victory of our people and is also a common victory of oppressed nations in the world. The victory has proved the truth of the prediction of the Marxism – Leninism: the invading imperialists’ war will certainly fail; the revolutionary war for national liberation will certainly be successful.”
In an article, “On the Celebration of Dien Bien Phu Victory,” published in Nhan Dien, he wrote, “Dien Bien Phu was like a bright golden landmark of our history. It clearly shows that colonialism is falling and collapsing, while it shows that national liberation movements in the world are moving toward total victory.
“With the Dien Bien Phu spirit of determination to fight for victory, the Southern people will from now on gain greater victories. To avoid a failure like that of the French in Dien Bien Phu, the U.S. has only one way: to immediately withdraw its troops from South Vietnam and let the Southern people deal with their internal issues by themselves.”
In an interview with the French Radio and Television, the President said, “Previously, I was engaged in revolutionary activities, now I am still engaged in them and I will continue to do so in the future. My aspirations, as well as my nation’s aspirations, are to build Vietnam into a peaceful, unified, independent, democratic and prosperous country, to strengthen solidarity with other socialist countries, and to keep a sustainable peace in the world.”
By Duong Trung Quoc* and co-writers
*The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly