Nguyen Ai Quoc was followed by French spies and was found attending a presentation held by an art association at the Paris police department.
Nguyen Ai Quoc attended a meeting of Le Paria’s editorial board, which discussed the paper’s financial problems and assigning staff to receive readers, most of them people from the French colonies.
|File photo of President Ho Chi Minh|
In Moscow, Nguyen Ai Quoc met Chiang Kai-shek and Zhang Cai Lei who co-led a Chinese delegation to Russia to seek help to fight the Japanese. The former represented the Chinese Nationalist Party and the latter, the Communist Party.
On returning to Vietnam from France, President Ho Chi Minh wrote to French journalist Michel Hertrich, who witnessed the developments of the August Revolution in 1945 in Saigon and was the author of “Independence or Death – Things Seen in Indochina.”
The President wrote: “I want to say that your book is written objectively and truthfully.”
To prove this, he cited the book which read: “Viet Minh [League for the Independence of Vietnam] is standing for the current soul of Indochina and Vietnam. Finally, Vietnam’s ideal is a unification of the country, that is, the unification of the North, Central and South, where all people are of the same race and speak the same language.
“If we [the French] intend to separate South Vietnam from Vietnam using tricks that are more or less cunning, we will never obtain cooperation from the Vietnamese people. That means that even Ho Chi Minh will bow to violence, an unstable situation will certainly take place until a new uprising occurs and leads to new sacrifices.”
The President wrote: “Dear author, I want to tell you that Ho Chi Minh will never yield to violence, since Ho Chi Minh is an indispensable part of his nation, his aspiration is the very aspiration of his people, and his actions are the very actions by his people.”
The letter concluded: “And I believe that the truth will win.”
The President chaired a Government Council meeting in Hanoi and then he, along with all the caninet, received a South delegation led by Pham Hung.
The delegation handed the President many gifts from Southerners. Among the gifts was the painting by Diep Minh Chau that pictured the President surrounded by three children from the North, Central and South Vietnam.
This gift made the President very touched since the painter had composed the work using his own blood.
The President visited continuation classes at Tran Nhat Duat and Yen Thanh schools in Hanoi. The same day, Nhan Dan (The People) newspaper published “A glorious victory” written by the President praising the literacy movement in northern Cao Bang Province.
He wrote: “Culturally speaking, anybody, no matter how blind they are, has to recognize that our socialist regime has gained a glorious victory.”
By Duong Trung Quoc* and his assistants
* The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly