October 6


President Ho Chi Minh held a press conference to announce the external and internal policies of the new nation of Vietnam.

Regarding relations with China, the President said: “Both sides have maintained their friendship … China and Vietnam have an economic and political relationship and so the two nations cannot but have mutual support and affection.”

As regards Vietnam’s ties with the US, he said: “US missions that arrived in Vietnam have sympathized with the provisional government of Vietnam.

Reforming Working Styles, written by President Ho Chi Minh in 1947 under the pseudonym X. Y. Z. It talks about the qualifications required for officials, subjectivity, and other issues related to people’s working styles. (File photo)

“About ties with the French, they cannot but recognize our country’s independence. And if it is the case, all other issues will be resolved easily.”

On national administration, he said: “The provisional democratic republic government is a public servant… Vietnam has already become a democratic republic and the power is in the hands of the people. Those considered by the people to have the qualifications and virtues to manage the country’s affairs will be appointed to positions of great responsibility.”

Commenting on the August Revolution in 1945, he said: “What has caused happiness for us is that our revolution outdid the revolutions in Russia, China and France, where blood had to be shed for the revolution’s victory. There was even an instance in which a king was beheaded. In another country, the people were divided and then massacred each other for many years.

“Meanwhile, in our country, the king volunteered to step down and there were few political parties. In just a short time people from all walks of life united to pursue a common goal, which is to gain total independence for the country, fight invaders, and throw wicked and greedy colonialists out of the country.”


The President completed a book titled “Reforming Working Styles” in which he mentioned many issues related to officials’ qualifications and gave advices on improving working styles.

In a chapter titled “Subjectivity,” he wrote: “The disease of subjectivity is caused by poor or vain reasoning … Reasoning is like a magnetic needle that guides us in our work. A man without reasoning is like one who is walking with his eyes closed … A man with experience but without reasoning is like a man whose one eye is sharp while the other is dull… Reasoning is like an arrow or a bullet. Practicing is like a target to aim at. Having arrows but not using them or using them in a wrong way is as good as having no arrows.

“Reasoning should be applied in practice. It is useless for a man to learn theories by heart and then boast about them to others. We must try to learn and that learning must go hand-in-hand with practice.”


In a telegram to soldiers in Cao Bang, Bac Kan and Lang Son Provinces after Dong Khe was liberated, the President praised them and advised: “The situation is very advantageous to us; so you must be determined to fight the enemy to achieve complete victory. I follow your brave fight every hour. I have a reward for soldiers with the best performance.”


In a letter to soldiers who were about to take over the capital, the President warned them not to “be haughty, indulge in drinking, reveal secrets, luxurious, corrupt, or extravagant.”

He also said: “You must respect the people and be modest, diligent, thrifty, honest, and upright to fulfill your task, a historic task that is glorious but very complicated.”

By Duong Trung Quoc* and his assistants
* The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Truc Thinh

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