September 11

1924
 
Nguyen Ai Quoc wrote to the Communist International from Moscow, saying “I arrived in Moscow in July 1923. I planned to leave after three months. For many reasons, my leaving has been postponed week after week, and then month after month.”

The file photo shows President Ho Chi Minh with children at a Mid-Fall Festival

The letter said that previously, difficulties lay in the Communist International’s conditions, this time it was civil war in China.
 
“My leaving has to be delayed indefinitely again. What else will happen tomorrow?” he said.
 
The letter showed he was longing to return to the Fatherland.
 
September 1924
 
Le Paria in France published an article, “National Education,” by Nguyen Ai Quoc.
 
The article was about the Soviet Union’s educational policies. He compared the Soviet Union’s education with that of France’s colonies.
 
He said, “We lack schools, but France gives us many brothels, opium and alcohol houses.”
 
1931
 
In a case relating to Nguyen Ai Quoc - he was also known as Tong Van So - in Hong Kong, at his 8th trial, the court decided to deport him.
 
Lawyer F. Gienkin applied Habeas Corpus to object to the verdict and appeal to the Privy Council in London.
 
1945
 
Cuu Quoc (National Salvation) published his article, “Ways to Organize People’s Committees.”
 
He said, “They are governmental forms in local areas established after victory of the resistance. All Vietnamese people (excepting unpatriotic Vietnamese citizens who are stripped of civil authority), who are aged 18 or above and are male or female, rich or poor, Viet Minh or not, have the right to vote or stand for election to these committees.

“People’s committees organize and work with a new spirit and in a new democratic regime, which are completely different with organizations set by old governors.”
 
1946
 
President Ho Chi Minh received an American official in Paris and asked the official to take home his recorded “Announcement to the American People” to ask the French government to “Stop unfriendly propaganda in South Vietnam, and release all Vietnamese political prisoners in South Vietnam” and resume negotiations.
 
On the same day, he received many parliamentarians and visited the US Embassy in Paris.
 
1950
 
He attended a conference of the Border Campaign’s Headquarters.
 
He said, “Preparations can’t be considered to be complete when we have yet to win. In the military, [people] have to be determined and brave. Being determined and brave doesn’t mean risk. Risk is foolish. Bravery is wise. For all people to be determined and brave, there must be discipline. Discipline is a motivation for soldiers to keep their strength.”
 
1954
 
Nhan Dan (People) published his letter to children on the occasion of the Mid-Fall Festival.
 
The letter said, “This Mid-Fall Festival is the first peaceful one after nine years of our people bravely struggling for independence. In the resistance to save the country, you partly contributed. On this occasion, I want to praise you. I will be pleased when the North and the South get together and you crowd together.”


By Duong Trung Quoc and his assistants
The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Chuong Hy

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