September 2

1931
 
In a case relating to Nguyen Ai Quoc, an alias of Ho Chi Minh, in Hong Kong, at his 7th trial, the Hong Kong police admitted that arresting him, also known as Tong Van So, was illegal, but deporting him was legal.

 
Lawyers continued to appeal against a plot to push him into the hands of the French.

The file photo shows Party and Government members visiting President Ho Chi Minh when he was sick in 1969

1945
 
This was a great day for the Vietnamese nation. At Ba Dinh Square in Hanoi, in front of many people, Ho Chi Minh, President of the interim government, read the “Independence Declaration” to found the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
 
He announced to the world that, “A nation that was brave to fight against slavery under the French for over 80 years and side with the Allies to fight against fascists for years must enjoy freedom. That nation must be independent. Vietnam has the right to enjoy freedom and independence, and in fact, it has become an independent and liberal country. All of the Vietnamese people are determined to make use of all spirit and forces, and sacrifice lives and property to protect the country’s liberty and independence.”
 
1946
 
In Paris, President Ho Chi Minh attended the first anniversary of National Day, together with overseas Vietnamese people, some French friends and a Vietnamese delegation to the Fontainebleau Conference.
 
Delivering a speech in French, he said, “Strong solidarity, our people showing solidarity fully, which can’t be broken by anything, founded the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Bravery and sacrifice cemented the wills of Vietnamese people from the North to the South into a great strength, no matter where and what social classes they were from and what religion they follow.
 
“Tonight, how we can’t think of Southern people without a special love. The Vietnamese people’s most earnest aspiration is that our reviving Fatherland will never be divided. Nothing can divide it. [I] wish that friendship between France and a united and independent Vietnam will become true. That friendship will be only helpful for the prosperity of the French Union and a boom in democratic ideals around the world.”
 
1947

He issued an appeal on the occasion of the anniversary of August Revolution and National Day, which took place for the first time in the resistance circumstances.
 
He said, “American Liberation took eight years to succeed, French Revolution five years, Soviet Union Liberation six years and Chinese Revolution 15 years. Our ancestors fought against aggressors, with the Tran dynasty winning victory after five years and the Le dynasty ten years.
 
“Believe in the Fatherland’s glorious destiny and our solidarity and strength. We try to suffer the hardship and fight. It is worthy to suffer hardship for a few years to defeat 80-year slavery to win liberty.
 
“If generals and soldiers in the front and people in the rear show solidarity and try to perform properly four virtues, diligence, thriftiness, integrity and honesty, our long-term resistance will surely win.”
 
On the same day, USSR Pravda (the Truth) newspaper published his article “Officials and New Life.”
 
The article said, “Fit officials have to be able to work well. [If they] want to perform their work well, they have to be trusted, respected and loved by the people. [If they] want to be trusted, respected and loved, they have to live their new lives properly. It means that they have to be diligent, thrifty, pure and honest; otherwise, it will be like climbing to the sky to be popular.”
 
1949

 
Giving an interview to a Thai newspaper, President Ho Chi Minh said, “Vietnam always wants to be friendly to Thailand and Thailand to be friendly to Vietnam because we are neighbors.”
 
1950
 
In an article, “Have to eradicate bureaucracy,” published in Pravda, he wrote out “a prescription to treat bureaucracy: prioritizing the people’s interests, being close to, understanding and learning from the people, honestly practicing criticism and self-criticism, being diligent, thrifty, incorruptible, honest, public-spirited and selfless.”
 
1969
 
After a period of illness, despite being taken good care of by the Party and the Government and treated by doctors, President Ho Chi Minh passed away at 9:47am, at the age of 79.

By Duong Trung Quoc and his assistants
The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Hoang Yen

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