September 24


French spies discovered that Nguyen Ai Quoc had ties to the French Human Rights Alliance Association to which he paid a yearly subscription.

French spies discovered that Nguyen Ai Quoc had ties to the French Human Rights Alliance Association to which he paid a yearly subscription.

President Ho Chi Minh celebrates the Mid-Autumn Festival in Hanoi in 1959 with Vietnamese and foreign children (File photo)


In “Colonialist Humanity” published on Le Paria, Nguyen Ai Quoc denounced the malicious and draconian ruling policy of the colonial regime. He wrote: “They [colonialists] have done everything possible to make the Annamites kill each other and betray their fatherland.

“They have shifted responsibility on local authorities for troubles that occurred in villages and hamlets. They force local authorities to give up those who fight against the colonialist government. Anyone objecting to this is judged to be guilty. Village officials tolerating patriots are punished. A simple method of investigation they used is to interrogate village mayors and influential local people. Anyone who refuse to reveal information is killed. Within two weeks, a group of civil guards have killed 75 village dignitaries…”


“Imperialist countries and China” by Nguyen Ai Quoc was published by the Communist International’s Inprekorr magazine (its French publication). In the article, he summarized the foreign interferences in the past and identified causes that led to current interferences.

He wrote: “The main target of imperialism was to overthrow Sun Zhongshan (Sun Fat Yen), the ‘father’ of the Chinese revolution … French imperialism, the suppressor of the Indochina people, is worrying … A powerful, liberal, and unified China will likely provide a start for Korea to gain independence and India to be liberated.

“For that reason, imperialists are seeking ways to get rid of Sun Zhongshan and his party, in the same way they have attempted to eliminate Russia.”


President Ho Chi Minh had US General Philip E. Gallagher, the head of the Allies’ US mission in Hanoi, send a letter to US President Harry S. Truman denouncing actions taken by the British commander in South Vietnam. The actions included imposing bans on the press, providing arms and ammunition to the French, and disarming the Vietnamese police. 

“These measures are an obvious infringement on the normal rights of the Vietnamese, threatens domestic security, and causes instability in Southeast Asia. The provisional Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam strongly objects to these measures and demands your interference with British authorities for their abolishment.”


The President signed a decree to establish “the Southern Military Commission,” also called as the “Southern High Command.”


At a Politburo meeting, the President advised: “High-ranking officials should write Party newspaper articles that encourage emulation movements and consider such writing a task that serves the Party’s political goals. Such articles should be short, specific, easy to understand, and focus on the most important issues.


The President joined more than 10,000 children in the capital to celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival at the Hanoi Children’s Club.

By Duong Trung Quoc* and his assistants
* The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly

Translated by Doan Truc

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