Albert Sarraut, French Minister of Colonies, invited Nguyen Tat Thanh to the ministry’s office to check the identity of Nguyen Tat Thanh, who had called himself Nguyen Ai Quoc.
Nguyen Ai Quoc, who was on behalf of a group of Vietnamese patriots in France, appeared for the first time in “The Vietnamese People’s Eight-article Claims.” From that time, the name of Nguyen Ai Quoc was inherent in the character of Nguyen Tat Thanh, who was later known as Ho Chi Minh.
|President Ho Chi Minh delivers a speech at the opening ceremony of the first course on reason at Nguyen Ai Quoc School in 1967 (file photo)|
President Ho Chi Minh gave an interview to American journalist S. Elie Maissie.
He said, “The resistance is a matter of life-and-death of Vietnam. It is not a matter of parties. The Vietnamese Government includes a majority of people who don’t belong to any party and a minority of delegates from patriotic parties, of whom, Viet Minh (the Vietnam Independence League) delegates make up very little. We will fight till we gain independence and freedom for our Fatherland.”
Answering Maissie’s question about Vietnam’s general foreign policies, he said, “[Vietnam] will make friends with all democratic countries in the world.”
In September, he wrote to Cao Trieu Phat, Chairman of the Central Committee of the Cao Dai, a religious group, with 12 sects, and head of the Southern People’s Union.
The letter said, “To an old friend in the South. Though we are far away, the Government and I always think of your achievements. With unanimity of the people, the country’s glorious day will come soon.”
He visited Nguyen Ai Quoc School and signed his name in the first page of the school’s autograph book, which was called the Golden Book.
He wrote, “Learn to work, and to be as a man and an official. Learn to serve the organization, the class, the people, the Fatherland and humanity. To achieve the purpose, you have to be diligent, thrifty, pure, honest, public-spirited and selfless.”
He wrote to lawyer Nguyen Huu Tho.
The letter said, “Solidarity is our unbeatable strength. Our people have shown a stronger and more encompassing solidarity. We should show closer and widening solidarity with [our] brothers and friends around the world, even with American progressive people who are trying their efforts to support us. With unbeatable strength of great solidarity, we will surely win. We will be pleased, when the country is united, and the North and the South are joined.”
In September, he sent a message to the Festival of Heroes.
He said, “The first ‘Festival of Southern Heroes’ in 1965 was a festival of defeating the US’ special war. This year’s festival is a festival of those who will defeat its localized war. Being the nation’s quintessence, heroes, emulation fighters and valiant men of Southern liberation armed forces have heightened the spirit of being faithful to the country, grateful to the people, brave, ingenious, humble, simple, loving and helping each other, and not being afraid of difficulties and hardship.
“The South has excellent heroes, fighters and valiant men thanks to the Front’s proper policies, and heroic groups, Southern people and country.”
By Duong Trung Quoc and his assistants
The author is a historian and member of the National Assembly