Employment and Education are of Much Concern

Employment and changes in educational policies are some matters of great concern, mentioned in a recent meeting between Ho Chi Minh City voters and the National Assembly (NA) deputies. Those ideas have been sent to the NA Standing Committee by the HCMC NA Deputies before the opening ceremony of the 11th NA’s ninth session.

More empowerment for HCMC

Ho Chi Minh City's real estate market should be kicked off (Photo: VD) 

At the moment, HCMC contribution makes up one third of the national budget; however, transport infrastructure does not meet the demands due to the lack of funds.

In 2006, the planned budgetary capital for investment and development was VND 4,700 billion, while practical demands reached over VND 14,500 billion.

Thus, HCMC has asked the government to maintain the rate of 29 percent for the city’s budget and provide additional funds for some master plans such as the Hi-Tech Park project, the projects of bus and diseases’ prevention. The project to build and develop a real estate market, in which HCMC plays the role of a financial center, should be kicked off.

The city should be given the power to attract and license local and overseas investment in establishing high-quality educational and medical units. Some state medical centers should be equitized, so high-quality health-care services can be developed.

Employment for landless inhabitants

In recent years, HCMC has conducted relocation of inhabitants for urban upgrading projects. Many new urban areas have been built, roads have been upgraded; however, the inhabitants whose land was taken by the government do not know how to resettle with their compensation. That was a matter of great concern. The HCMC voters asked the government to instruct relevant ministries and branches to issue common circulars regulating the implementation of the laws and decrees on compensation, relocation and resettlement to avoid inconsistency in their application of the laws.

A new urban area in southern Sai Gon

As for master plans, which require land use and relocation under the approval of the government, the government should approve the project only when resettlement and reemployment for inhabitants are ensured.

In its five-year plan on socio-economic development, HCMC will focus on the social welfare housing program. The total capital would be huge, so the city asked the government to consider an extraction of national budget for the city.

Regarding the problem of nation-wide strikes, the voters said that there should be prompt decisions on a minimum payment level for all business forms. In order to keep a stable investment environment and attract foreign investors, a minimum payment in conformity with each industry should be set, and payment adjusted by market demands should be considered. The policies of tax, land-leasing and capital investment deduction for enterprises, who build houses for their employees, are also necessary for the improvement of workers’ living conditions.

Radical changes in educational policies needed

Pupils of Hong Bang Secondary School (District 5, HCMC) in a computing class

The voters voiced objections to the ineffective teaching and studying and incontrollable extra-time teaching and tutoring. There should be bold measures decided by the NA, focusing on educational reforms, the participation of non-state sectors in education and specific regulations on educational forms.

The educational management should be decentralized; thus, relevant units can manage themselves and the model of self-financed public schools deserves more study.

The voters also asked the NA to compare Viet Nam’s educational program with those of other developed countries in the region and the world so as to build an educational and training program of the equivalent quality.

By Tran Toan – Compiled by Thuy Hang

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