The economic development of the country has led to changes in society, especially in agriculture and rural areas, which have seen the number of agricultural workers decrease by one to 1.5 percent each year, said Dr. Ta Ngoc Tan, editor-in-chief of the Communist Political Theory Review, at a recent seminar.
|Modern farming machinery requires fewer laborers.|
The seminar discussed impacts of changing social structure to agriculture, farmers and rural areas in provinces of South Vietnam.
Quickly developing the rural economy has seen the number of agricultural jobs decline but work in industry, handicrafts and services increase, he said.
Farmers have also shifted from rice production to crops that yield higher revenues, Dr Tan added.
Dr Tan said that richer famers have done well in the change, but many poorer farmers have struggled.
The changing social structure has had many impacts.
It has helped bring about a change in the traditional social structure to modern, diversified structures and create more advantage conditions for economic development, as well as contributing to political and social stability, and modernizing agriculture and rural areas.
However, it has increased the wealth divide between the wealthy and the poor.
Other delegates emphasized that the movement of rural labor to urban areas and education issues in these areas is still lower than other areas in the country.
Many agreed that Government needs to use measures to bring about the positive side of changing social structures.
Rural laborers need to approach education and culture with different mind sets.
The Government also needs to pay attention to Mekong Delta provinces, which provide more than 50 percent of fruit and juices, 60 percent of seafood and 90 percent of export rice.
The Government needs to maintain the number of workers there to ensure agriculture development, as well as apply technology and science in production.
At the present, rural areas are in a vicious circle, including low income - low output - low spending power - low investment - and then - low income.
This circle has hindered changes in the rural economy, however, with the financial crisis causing damage to regional economies and the world market as well, agriculture is not affected too badly.
As such, accelerating changes in the structure of the rural economy and developing agriculture will be of great importance.