The World Bank announced on January 20 that Vietnam ranks low on sanitation systems and urges the country to address significant gaps in sanitation services.
|Poor sanitation in Ho Chi Minh City(Photo: Uyen Phuong)|
Use of modern toilets is 94 percent, with 90 percent of households using septic tanks for on-site treatment. Only 4 percent of sewage collected is treated.
Sanitation in rural areas is much lower with high impact on public health and environmental degradation. The estimated economic losses resulting from poor sanitation is about US$780 million per year. This adds up to 1.3 percent of the country’s Gross Domestic Product.
The government has spent about US $500 million annually improving wastewater treatment systems. However, additional funding is needed to manage the urban sewage issue because many citizens in the city still live with poor sanitation.
Substantial financing is needed to manage wastewater and sewage sludge that is generated by the urban population. Accordingly, the government has spent around US$500 million annually improving wastewater treatment system and environment. Yet, citizens in major cities still live in inadequate sanitation.
The World Bank calculates an investment of US$8.3 billion for sewage services will be necessary for a rising urban population of 43 million by 2025.
These reports were published in “East Asia and Pacific Region Urban Sanitation Review” and Vietnam Urban Wastewater Review” by the World Bank.